We believe that the teaching of phonics is fundamental to the development of early reading skills. At Kingsfield First School phonics is taught in a systematic way. It is taught in a highly structured programme of daily lessons across FS and KS1 in groups differentiated according to children’s phonic awareness and development. At Kingsfield we have developed a phonic program built on the foundations of Read Write Inc, providing a synthetic approach to the teaching of phonics. This is supplemented by Letters & Sounds activities, Espresso and other computer games. Each session gives an opportunity for children to revisit their previous experience, be taught new skills, practise together and apply what they have learned.

What is phonics?

“Phonics is a way of teaching children to read quickly and skilfully. They are taught how to recognise the sounds that each individual letter makes and identify the sounds that different combinations of letters make. Children can then use this knowledge to ‘de-code’ new words that they hear or see. This is the first important step in learning to read.” DFE ‘Information for Parents’ 20131

Phonics is a way of teaching children to read quickly and skillfully. They are taught how to:
* Recognise the sounds that individual letters make
* Identify the sounds that different combinations of letters make-such as ‘sh’ or ‘oo’
* Blend these sounds together from left to right to make a word

Written language can be compared to a code, so knowing the sounds of individual letters and how those letters sound when they’re combined will help children ‘decode’ new words that they hear or see. This is the first important step in learning to read.

The children are taught to read words by blending, which means pushing all the sounds together to make a word.  The children are taught to spell words by segmenting, which means sounding out words and writing down the sounds they can hear.

By the end of Reception children are expected to be secure all single letter sounds and know some sounds which can be identified with two letters e.g. sh, ch, ee, ai. By the end of year 1, most children at Kingsfield should be secure in all sounds up to set 5 (sets explains in Progression of Phonics) and be fluent readers.

For further information please visit:

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/letters-and-sounds

https://www.gov.uk/government/publications/national-curriculum-in-england-english-programmes-of-study