The world of phonics! If you are new this then it can feel very overwhelming in getting your head around this subject and really understanding it! Especially if you are wanting to try and help your child at home!
Hopefully this page will provide you knowledge and support to develop your understanding as a parent! But please remember we are available to ask in person if there is anything you want clarity on or further understanding of!
In a Nutshell...
The alphabet contains only 26 letters. Spoken English uses about 44 sounds (phonemes). These phonemes are represented by letters (graphemes). In other words, a sound can be represented by a letter (e.g. ‘s’ or ‘h’) or a group of letters (e.g. ‘th’ or ‘ay’). See the phonic glossary below for more info on the terms!
Once children begin learning sounds, they are used quickly to read and spell words. These skills are built on from Reception to Year 2 and beyond in order to help children read and write.
There are different sets of phonics that different year groups and abilities work through (see progression of phonics for more info).
But most importantly...
Children have to build and develop lots listening and attention skills that enable them to hear sounds in words before learning what they look like! There is so much early reading done with our ears first, before our eyes! Please look at this document below which explains the process from the beginning.
Take a look...
Here is general video explain what phonics is all about! click here
Want to know how to say the sounds? watch this video! click here
Every parents asks - 'What is blending & segmenting?!' watch this useful video to explain in detail click here
An example of how a set 5 sound might be taught. Set 5 are alternative sounds to a sound they are already familiar with. click here
Other useful resources...
A phonics and reading workshop is run at the start of each academic year for EYFS parents to explain:
- What phonics is
- What we do in school to support children’s phonics learning and early reading
- What they can do at home to help
Regular feedback in the child’s reading record helps parents know which reading skill they are working on as well as identifying non-decodable words in reading books for children to practise. In Year 1 and 2, children are sent home regular spellings which include a phonetic rule or sound to learn from the phonics set they are in, e.g. words containing 'ee', as well Year 1 and Year 2 ‘common exception words’. They are given the rule or sound rather than a set list as we believe the children then apply this knowledge into their day to day writing.
Parents and carers are informed as to whether their child has reach the ‘expected standard’ in their Phonics Screening Check. If they have not, then they will be told of the interventions and support that will be in place in year 2.